Complications From Brain Injuries
Brain injury can happen for a variety of reasons. You might be out
riding your bike and have an accident. A fall down the stairs or an
accident can cause brain injury too. Children playing sports often
receive mild or moderate concussions. Those are brain injuries. From
mild to severe injuries there can be long-term complications and
Our soldiers down range in the combat zones, and even in routine
training evolutions are exposed to any number of hazards that can cause
brain injuries as well. Sailors at sea working on jet aircraft on
an aircraft carrier are working in one of the most hazardous
environments on the planet. In addition to dealing with PTSD
symptoms and related issues, their PTSD and other coping challenges may
be further complicated by concussions that lead to brain injuries from
working in these environments.
I wanted to take some time in this article to discuss some of the
symptoms of complications caused by brain injuries, in hopes of
fostering some understanding for what our military and law enforcement
men and women who suffer from their complications are going through.
Then I hope to use future articles to discuss resources for dealing with
brain injuries and providing help to those who suffer from them.
Mood Changes and Sensory Problems:
You might be surprised to learn that one of the most common
complications from a brain injury is a change in mood and behavior. You
might feel angry and irritable or suffer from depression and anxiety.
Mood swings are common and can last for several months after a brain
injury. Insomnia is also a common problem which can make a person feel
even more emotionally unbalanced and exhausted. More severe
complications include an increase in risk taking and an inability to
Someone who experiences a brain injury may also deal with sensory
issues. They may feel dizzy and struggle with balance and hand-eye
coordination. Blurry vision is a common complication. Head injuries can
also cause a ringing in the ears and a change in how things taste and
Communication and Cognitive Complications:
Brain injury can cause swelling, bruising, and bleeding in all areas of
the brain. The cognitive and communication areas are often affected.
This can leave a person with traumatic brain damage dealing with
complications expressing themselves, understanding simple problems, and
A person with a traumatic brain injury often finds that they have
difficulty understanding and speaking. They may also be unable to
organize their thoughts or find the right words. Itís not uncommon for a
person to use the wrong word for an object. They can also struggle to
Youíll find that people with brain injury, even mild forms, may have
problems with their reasoning and judgment. They may be unable to focus
and struggle with thought processing. Problem solving, organization, and
multitasking are often difficult and you may find that a person with a
brain injury struggles or is unable to make decisions.
Physical Complications from Brain Injury:
Physical complications range from paralysis to seizures. A person can
lose vision, hearing, and even their sense of smell. Partial paralysis
can occur when the brain stem is injured and blood clots and strokes are
also a complication to prepare for. Depending on the amount of damage to
the brain, nerve impulses can be affected as can hormones and other
regulating mechanisms of the brain.
While many brain injuries do resolve over time and most people donít
deal with severe and life-long complications, itís important to make
sure any concussion or brain injury is looked at by a doctor. The sooner
a brain injury is diagnosed and treated, the better the long-term